All of us at least once engaged in work. And if you tried to grasp the essence of these sessions? It will help in the psychology of creativity.
What it is?
What is the psychology of creativity? This section of psychology who studies human creation of something new, previously unknown, and in many different areas of life: science, art, technology, as well as in everyday daily life.
Unfortunately, this trend is only interior design in Madison a clear theoretical framework has not. That science exists only as part of research, experimentation, observation. Yes, there are some guidelines, but a clear answer to the question of how to develop creativity and how to introduce creativity in everyday life, no.
Generally, the term “work” includes not only oblychchyastosti activity, but it generated values of life and the fate of the individual in moving society, culture, science and other areas. And creativity is considered to be a process that can lead to a particular product. But this process is multifaceted, complex and often subservient to anyone except the creator.
What is the psychology of creativity?
Psychology of creativity is the relationship between the creative process, product, and thus “the creator”. The process must belong oblychchyastosti, but then the product belongs culture.
The main objects of study of the psychology of creativity is creativity and creative thinking man, his inner world, so called spiritual potential, emotional processes, inspiration, individual psychological characteristics oblychchyastosti, intuition, imagination.
In addition, the line includes also the impact that a person can have a creative team (if it exists), society, the world situation, trends and factors that stimulate creative activity (this includes brainstorming, some drugs discussions, etc.).
Different scholars have advanced various theories. For example, Freud believed that creativity is the unconscious components and motivation. And motivation is related to the so-called eros, that thirst for life that is based on sexual train. This is the most creative part of the human mind is unconscious.
Jung agreed with Freud in part and had asked unconscious creativity. But he also added that a person has two elements: oblychchyastisnyy and creative. And the interaction of these principles will depend abilities, characteristics, traits, skills.
Kelly saw the work as an alternative to banality. The man he believed scientists and researchers who interacts with the world and interprets it in their own recycling information. That all life – is nothing but the creative process.
Allport and Fromm viewed the work as a way of life. Rogers set the basis for the “field experience”, which includes feeling, events, actions, perceptions that a person chooses, I do not understand it. But Maslow called the work function of the person, which includes all forms of expression.
What activities can be considered creative?
Creative can be called any activity, which resulted in creating something qualitatively new. But clear boundaries between the work and regular activities to do, and many psychologists recognize it. Rather, they can be defined, but only subjectively.
In the process of creating something people can rely on as their own experience and the experience of others, and to some expectations, generally trend. Strange ideas can be used for inspiration, which is an integral part of the process. This is not to say that the creator simply “stole” other people’s opinions. He turned them replaced, adding something. And it also works.
There are several types of work:
The scientific work – the discovery and interpretation of laws and phenomena of the real world. The features of this kind of logic is, reliance on abstract. The final product – it is knowledge.
Technical work covering the practical or technological transformation of reality. It relies on the efficient and creative thinking. The product is machinery and construction.
Artistic creativity – is the aesthetic development of the world and reality, as well as meet the aesthetic needs oblychchyastosti, that the pursuit of beauty. The primary is a clear and creative thinking. The product – a character who lies in a material object, such as a poem, sculpture, painting.
Co-creation – a perception of art and their interpretation.
Separately allocated baby work that deserves special attention and is very interesting kind. In fact, do the work of all the children, as well as simple and everyday lessons as the game can already be regarded as a creative process, as in the child connects imagination, dreams, comes up with something new.
Educational work – a search for something new in the educational sphere to give more students to teach them something special.